Monday, May 25, 2020

Civil Disobedience In Antigone By David Thoreau - 958 Words

When one thinks of civil disobedience, they think of a person that neither follows nor respects the law. However, one does not take into consideration why a certain person is not abiding by the law, and what is influencing their decisions. In the case of Antigone, in Antigone by Sophocles, the reason she does not follow the law is that not only does she view the law as unfair and not just, but the law hurts her more than anyone else. Antigone feels she has a burden to bury her brother Polynices, but he is considered a traitor to Thebes, and to bury him is a violation of the law. Antigone thinks that it is the right of every man to be buried, but the people of Thebes do not view Polynices as a man. Antigone must decide between what she†¦show more content†¦In the case of Antigone herself, she says â€Å"But I will bury him; and if I must die, I say that this crime is holy† (Sophocles 192). Both Antigone and Polynices recognize their right to revolt, that Thoreau also r ecognized which is evident is work. Antigone and Thoreau actions are both similar in this context, as they decide to revolt what they think is wrong, but by revolting they committed crimes that are also considered wrong. Although Antigone and Thoreau’s actions are not viewed as appropriate under the law, both people do what they view as right, which leads to the next point of respecting what one thinks is corrects over what the law says is correct. When one makes a significant decision they tend to go with what their gut is telling them to do. One doesn’t take into consideration if their decision is the popular or safer decision, but trust what their gut tells them. Antigone is no different, when she is faced with a difficult decision she goes with what she thinks is right without regard to what repercussions she will face. In his essay, David Thoreau states â€Å"The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right† (Thorea u â€Å"Civil Disobedience†). Not only is it a right, but for Antigone it is an obligation. She says in the play, â€Å"This death of mine is of no importance; but if I had left my brother lying in death unburied,Show MoreRelatedBeing a Good Citizen Essay960 Words   |  4 Pagespolicies? It follows then, what is good citizenship? Henry David Thoreau provides an adequate definition of good citizenship within his essay, Civil Disobedience; Thoreau discusses certain characteristics of a good citizen. Examples of Thoreaus definition exist in both the ancient and contemporary culture. Sophocles describes Antigone as a good citizen by Thoreaus definition. Within the play, Antigone, Sophocles utilizes the character of Antigone to epitomize the proper role of citizens within a societyRead MoreAntigone: Moral Law vs. Political Law814 Words   |  4 PagesANTIGONE 3 January 2013 Moral Law vs. Political Law The theme of Antigone is the struggle between political law and moral law; the difference of following the law because it is the law and following one’s own morals because you feel it is what is right. The characters in Antigone face this struggle when confronted with Creon’s refusal of a burial for Antigone’s brother Polynices. The ancient Greeks believed that without proper burial, entrance into the afterlife was forbidden. It is throughRead MoreLiterature: A Reflection of Society1764 Words   |  8 Pagesthoughts in various ways, which has different effects on different people. Although not all literature promotes social change, many pieces of literature have had a profound impact on their respective societies, including Antigone by Sophocles, â€Å"Civil Disobedience† by Henry David Thoreau, and Silent Spring by Rachel Carson. Greek theatre was an extremely important part of life in ancient Athens and held much influence over the people because it was a part of the new political system of democracy. The

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Discrimination Towards The Lgbt Community - 2224 Words

Throughout the years, the LGBT community has put forth tremendous effort to gain rights and recognition in the United States. Yet there have been numerous laws that have discriminated and made them feel unequal. LGBT stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered. Many people in the community have a hard time accepting who they truly are in terms of sexual orientation or gender identity. Coming out is challenging enough on its own, and laws and regulations that discriminate against those who only wish to live freely can make it hard for them to do so. Living in the time period we do, we have seen many changes in the right direction as far as having equal rights for all, but it has not always been this way. There have been many movements and actions the LGBT community has taken over the years to get to where we are today. There have also been many laws and regulations specifically targeted at same-sex and transgendered individuals, some of which that still apply today. Discrim ination towards the LGBT community is not something new. Although today it may seem normal to see two men holding hands walking down the street, forty years ago it was almost unheard of. This is why the Supreme Court case Baker vs. Nelson made headlines. In 1972, the Court ruled that a Minnesota same-sex couple had no constitutional right to marry. This all started when two male University of Minnesota students went to fill out a marriage application form. When the clerk denied the applicationShow MoreRelatedThe Prevention Of Violence And Discrimination Based On Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity1713 Words   |  7 PagesCommittee: GA3 - The Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee Issue: The prevention of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity Student Officer: Sarah Lim Position: Chair of the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee ________________________________________ Introduction: Gender identity and sexual orientation is one of the more stigmatized and marginalized aspects of self-expression for any human in our society today. A state or country with a more liberalRead MoreThe Community Of Lgbt Workers Essay1583 Words   |  7 PagesSince the beginning of their existence and in today’s society, the community of LGBT workers are not being treated fairly or getting their fair share that they deserve in the workplace. They are victims to high rates of workplace discrimination. Instead of being judged as workers and what they bring to their jobs and how they work, they are being judged by their sexual preferences and appearance. Being a gay or transgender worker causes them to be mistreated, not judged for the actual workers theyRead MoreDiscrimination Based On Sexual Orientation Essay1492 Words   |  6 Pagesmuch) discrimination. During work, â€Å"discrimination based on sexual orientation must not be tolerated in any form in modern law enforcement. Instead of prejudice and intolerance, police departments and chief executives should embrace a â€Å"Do Ask, Do Tell† attitude toward gays and lesbians (Winchell, 2008)†. They will go out of their way to cause harm either (physically/ mentally), professional humiliation, and the refusal of some heterosexual officers to work in close proximity with the LGBT officersRead MoreMental Health And The Lgbt Community1665 Words   |  7 Pagesmany studies on mental health in the LGBT community. With more people being open about their sexual orientation, the LGBT community has become a bigger target for those individuals who create difference between groups to justify discrimination of a particular group. The discrimination towards the LGBT community has caused problems for individuals in the community, mental health being among the biggest problem. Studies have shown that the discrimination of LGBT individuals can affect mental healthRead MoreHate Crimes In The Lgbt Community1580 Words   |  7 Pagespart of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender community; that is roughly equivalent to the entire population of New Jersey. The LGBT community stands for and places their beliefs in equality, individuality, and pride. Despite their efforts, they are still faced with degrading discrimination and cruel hatred. Today, fourteen percent of all hate crimes are directed towards to LGBT community. ( The number of hate crimes towards the community is quickly increasing and evolving into a worldwideRead MoreOppression Of Minorities During The Civil Rights Movement871 Words   |  4 Pagesefforts to reach a more unified community have been taken, many minorities still fight oppression. Through activism, social and political movements, the LGBTQIA community have progressed immensely throughout the past few decades. History has demonstrated a slow, yet vast amount of success in this marginalized group. Activists endured a long journey toward gaining rights for the community which lead to a modern day civil rights movement for the LGBTQIA community. Although there has been a greatRead MoreThe Discrimination Or Prejudicial Treatment Against Homosexual Believing That Heterosexuality Is The Normal Sexual Orientation945 Words   |  4 PagesHeterosexism, the discrimination or prejudicial treatment against homosexual believing that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation. LGBT(Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transsexual) community has suffered from heterosexism for many decades. This is growing rapidly around the country. Homosexuals have been excluded from jobs, denied benefits, discriminated at school, discriminated within their religion, not being accepted in their town or country and in public places in general. As evidence suggestsRead MoreGay, Lesbian, Bisexual And Transgendered Youth ( Lgbt )1610 Word s   |  7 Pagesaddress various types of discrimination among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered youth (LGBT). This research will identify the different types of discrimination that affect LGBT students, grades 9 through 12, and the mental health impacts discrimination has on LGBT youth. The data provided is from a school-based, empirical survey conducted in 2009 by Joanna Almeida, Renee M. Johnson, Heather L. Corliss, Beth E. Molnar and Deborah Azrael. Their survey measured the number of LGBT youth in Boston, MassachusettsRead MoreThe United States Economy Suffers Greatly Due To The Discrimination1705 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States economy suffers greatly due to the discrimination of the Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender (LGBT) community. In the past twelve years, LGBT businesses have provided $1.7 billion for the United States economy (Marks). Many Americans, especially those from religious backgrounds, are opponents of the LGBT community (Chu). Many LGBT students in high school are bullied and drop out because of all the discrimination. When they drop out they are not able to obtain an education and get aRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage1749 Words   |  7 Pagesequality, the legalization of same-sex marriage was a huge leap to success in the overall acceptance of the LGBT community. Although surrounded by controversy, the legalization of gay marriage has benefitted modern society by promoting equality and non-discrimination in society, inducing psychological, physical, and social well-being amongst LGBT people, and validating and providing stability for LGBT families. The legalization of gay marriage was an important event in United States’ history. On June

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

South Park as Parody of Society Essay - 1399 Words

South Park as Parody of Society South Park began airing in 1997. The commercials that preceded it gave the impression of it being another stupid cartoon; however, when I began watching, I realized important issues were being covered through the repeated behaviors and actions of its characters, through the influences these actions could have on the viewers, through the reinforcement and rejections of certain stereotypes, through the long-term effects that could result from watching the program, and through its reflection of social reality. Some of the repeated behaviors and actions of the characters include one of the children (Kenny) dying during each episode (followed by Stan yelling, Oh, my God! Theyve killed Kenny (South†¦show more content†¦There are both negative and positive influences these repeated behaviors and actions could have on an audience. One negative effect could be the numbing of the viewer to childrens deaths: it is such a common occurrence on the show until it is expected. Another effect could be the instilling of negative feelings toward the overweight; the audience could be learning that it is acceptable to verbally attack a person with a weight problem. Also, in a time of AIDS, promotion of sexual promiscuity is a dangerous thing: never have the writers mentioned the use of condoms by Chef during his encounters. Finally, because of the recent advances in genetic research and its awakening of new fears in the public, South Parks parody of the geneticist could further play on peoples fear s. Despite the potentially negative influences of these behaviors and actions, there could be a positive influence existing in the form of catharsis. American society has suffered from the rules of political correctness, the fear of AIDS, and the fear of knowledge (the fear of going too far into Gods domain--thanks to our Puritanical background). Maybe South Park gives us release from repression by allowing us to laugh at the things we fear the most: death, ridicule of our differences by our peers, the contracting of deadly diseases, and advancements in science. (I am sure that most of us need release from the built-up tensions of daily life; SouthShow MoreRelatedImmigration : The Ongoing Question1419 Words   |  6 PagesStates and therefore all of them should be deported. Using Juvenalian and Horatian satire, satirists poke fun of illegal immigration through the satirical devices of parody, irony, and exaggeration in order to bring light to this very important issue facing the United States of America. One example of the use of Juvenalian satire and parody bringing light to illegal immigration can be seen in Daniel L.’s satirical work. In this work, Daniel L. states that the way to end the detrimental effects of illegalRead MoreWhite Privilege And Black Privilege1529 Words   |  7 PagesMany Caucasians do not realize that they possess white privilege, while people of color do. White privilege has been around ever since society had considered â€Å"white† as the dominant race. White privilege is unfamiliar to many people because it is the inconspicuous elements white people take for granted. For example, Caucasians are forty percent more likely to receive a private scholarship than POCs (people of color); they also have a sixty-seven percent lower incarceration rate and are ten timesRead MoreMedia Influences The People Who Watch It Or Are People Influencing The Media?891 Words   |  4 Pagesmedia influencing the people who watch it or are people influencing the me dia? One such show challenges both those questions and its South Park. South Park is a show that parodies absolutely everything that goes on in popular culture and the world. The show is about four young boys that deal with bizarre and outragues or even disturbing events in their town of South Park. The show may look like a cartoon but the show itself is NSFW and those easily disturbed or offended will not enjoy the show what’sRead MoreSouth Park s Success And Power1804 Words   |  8 PagesThesis: South Park’s success and power is due to the rich satire, parody, and mockery that it uses to take aim at contemporary culture and values. South Park’s Satire and Parody South Park began in August of 1997 much like any other offensive cartoon; pushing the limits of acceptable television to gain an audience. In its early stages, the show was infamous for its wickedly crude humor and swear words, and it appeared that it would go the way of many shows before it who simply had their periodRead MoreContemporary Rhetoric Test # 11364 Words   |  6 Pagesrhetorical function of the parody? Concept #1= Satire Concept #2= Ideology Concept #3= Irony Before going into detail on what each concept means and what relationship it has in us understanding the rhetorical fundamental of parody, it would be nice to know what Parody is and where it originated. Originally, parodies appeared in Ancient Greek literature, and consisted of poems that imitated in a disrespectful manner the contents, and forms proposed by other poems. Parodies are fed of elements takenRead MoreIn this book, the author Brian Cogan discusses the most controversial television shows in history,1400 Words   |  6 Pagesthe author Brian Cogan discusses the most controversial television shows in history, South Park. He discusses how South Park even though seems simple it is a very thoughtful program on television that discusses many social issues. The creators of South Park, Trey Parker and Matt Stone created a social and political commentary that has been the most successful in television history. Cogan discusses how South Park is a commentary on American culture tha t is focused around controversial issues. TheRead MoreMonty Python and the Holy Grail Essay1672 Words   |  7 PagesPython and the Holy Grail A British Parody By: Norwin Adarve Monty Python and the Holy Grail has been a comic success in the film industry for almost four decades. The main reason for its success is because the jokes have kept the audience laughing whether they watched it in 1975 or just saw the comedy for the first time yesterday. Monty Python and the Holy Grail would fall under two categories of comedy, a satire and a parody. In contemporary usage, a parody is a work that imitates another workRead MoreCensoring South Park2061 Words   |  9 Pagesconstantly today. In South Park’s situation, the writers use logic and evidence to express their opinions on controversial issues, and people think that it should be censored. Just because the show uses morally questionable techniques, does not mean that it is useless. In fact, South Park has taught people a lot; it changes our point of view and encourages us to think deeply about the issues at hand while simultaneously making us laugh. For people unfamiliar with South Park, it is an ani mated comedyRead More Excessive Political Correctness Essay1534 Words   |  7 Pageswell. These obvious attempts at political correctness do not go unnoticed. The cartoon â€Å"South Park† parodies the concept with their character aptly named â€Å"Token Black† who is exactly that—a token minority character, inserted into the story line for the sole purpose of forced racial integration. Token (pictured to the right) is the only Black child character on the show, with the only other minority in South Park being Kevin, a Chinese boy who rarely speaks. Assuming corporations realize that racialRead MoreEssay on Controversy Behind South Parks Ethics2585 Words   |  11 PagesControversy Behind South Parks Ethics South Park, the animated TV series aired on Comedy Central was created by Matt Stone and Trey Parker and is one of the many new shows that involve animation with high-level adult comedy that parodies current events going on across the United States and throughout the world. South Park is just one of many new shows that involve this sort of high end entertainment and they are taking the television ratings by storm. This show, along with others of its nature

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Number 27 free essay sample

Eighth period, advanced physics, junior year. Twenty-seven of the school’s brightest futures discussing how they plan on spending their lives and bettering our society. About twelve voices speak up about engineering and computer sciences, ten about medical fields, and four mention law and government aspirations. I speak up at last, number twenty-seven, and with a confident, cool voice I say, â€Å"Filmmaking,† as if it was as important as nuclear engineering, biomedical science, and our judicial branch. To that, a curious peer questions, â€Å"You’re one of the top kids in school, and you want to make movies? You could be a doctor or a scientist and actually better society!† I’m sure he didn’t mean it offensively; it was a legitimate curiosity. Why would a small town, seemingly bright girl aspire to make moving pictures on the silver screen? It doesn’t save lives, it doesn’t prove theories, and it doesn’t provide evidence to solve national murder cases. We will write a custom essay sample on Number 27 or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page But film is just as important: it entertains, it communicates, it shows, it tells. It can inspire people to save lives, prove theories, and solve cases. Film is as versatile as the written word, and to me, Spielberg is synonymous with Dickens, Nolan with Bradbury, and Burton with Seuss. To me, movies are glamourized literature, a fine art form in their own right. I wish to make this art, this moving, dramatic, loud, colorful, living art. My passion for film grew from a variety of sources. From the stage, as an actor in the school plays and a makeup artist and stage manager for the Broadway-esque spring musicals, I learned how to work with a team in creating a live, successful show. From English classes, I learned what it takes for a story to make a lasting impression. From photography classes, I learned perspective and how to create a powerful visual image. Lastly, in television production classes, I learned to tie all these skills together in creating a visual and technical story with a team. These skills and activities blend together in a melting pot to create a single movie made up of infinite types of art. I simply wish to share stories, to make people happy, and to give an audience something to think about. I couldn’t imagine having a career that would feel like a job; I want to fully immerse myself in the world and culture of cinema. I don’t want a 9-5 job where I come home only to cast off what I had done that day. I want to dedicate whole weeks, whole months, into creating a living, breathing story that people can enjoy. After all, at the end of the day, all the engineers, doctors, and lawyers need some entertainment, too.

Monday, April 6, 2020

General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade Essays - International Trade

General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Washington in duty-free move The US is seeking to extend the duty-free status of international online transactions to protect the development of global electronic commerce, the Clinton administration said yesterday. Susan Esserman, deputy US trade representative, said the US wanted the World Trade Organization to agree at the earliest possible date to extend the current moratorium on customs duties for electronic trade. In testimony to the Senate foreign relations sub-committee on Europe, Ms Esserman said duty-free cyberspace was particularly valuable to US software companies that were seeking to distribute their products electronically. The US is also looking for WTO members to affirm that electronic commerce is subject to existing rules and agreements, and should not face unnecessary regulatory barriers to trade. However Ms Esserman said more time and work are necessary before electronic goods could be subject to final classification under WTO rules. Electronic commerce in the US is forecast to grow to $1,300bn by 2003, while in India it is expected to grow by $15bn within two years. Richard Wolffe, Washington Protectionism, it seems, is always with us and it is useful to examine the intermittent attempts made to establish rules for its containment. This book is one such examination, on the conception, birth, and early years of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); it is restricted to the years 1940--53. It is the work of an historian but one at the political, rather than economic, end of the spectrum. The heavy emphasis throughout is on the American role within an essentially Anglo-American tussle. The argument is that although trade was a relatively small proportion of US output it was used for political and diplomatic purposes. The general thrust is that the US was keen on a new liberal order and determined to break the British empire's preferential trading arrangements. However, when we read that the central argument is that, 'by liberalizing trade while protecting domestic economies -- a bargain consistent with US trade law, practice, and history ...', we might reasonably expect to be in for a roc ky ride. Politics is important and possibly even central in the process of trade protection, but will always be found to depend on economic forces. The politics here might well be overdone. The whole story is presented as a struggle between the US and Britain/British empire. Although this tension is an old story, Zeiler takes it further and argues that the Commonwealth had 'a major hand in shaping the GATT order' (p.197). It is a complex story of negotiations taking place under conditions of extreme difficulty, and the author has worked diligently in the American, British and Commonwealth country archives. There is, however, a lot that raises the eyebrows of the economic historian. Within a few lines of the opening we read that, 'global business leaders ... seek a commercial regime unfettered by barriers'. This is rather the antithesis of the conventional understanding of businessmen almost invariably (and nowhere more so than in the US), seeking protection. And running against the conventional view (without seemingly noticing) is the idea that America is the home and inspiration of free trade. The British in the 1930s opted for, 'Regulated, rather than American style market, capitalism ... ' (p.20). Or again, 'Free trade frightened the British' (p.39). And richest of all, 'The British simply would not accept the free trade doctrine' (p.24). Zeiler suggests that free trade was key to the American economy ignoring the fact that America had been one of the most protectionist countries for most of its history. This is unfortunate and results in a distortion of the argument, for of the GATT negotiations Zeiler say s the British were not willing partners in pursuit of lower trade barriers. At certain times that may have been true but it did not derive from long-term hostility. Nevertheless, in the closing pages of the book the author does concede that the US was no unilateral free trader. Running alongside this idiosyncratic view is an account of the British economy that is surely at odds with the facts. It is a picture of pathetic feebleness: 'Great Britain faced a future of decline and hardship. Its once predominant global position lay in tatters' (p.2O). 'Their economy was in a shambles ...' (p.39). While the book is well written there is a danger of the story being presented in overly dramatic terms (hinted at in the title), and at times a frivolous and dismissive tone creeps in -- 'From his perch in the Treasury Department, Keynes ...'. And there are occasional lapses in accuracy

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Spamming Is More Acceptable Way of Sales Practice than Cold Calling

Spamming Is More Acceptable Way of Sales Practice than Cold Calling Introduction and thesis statement The digitization of information and communication technologies (ICT), the global extension of ICT-supported networks, services and applications, fixed and mobile phones, the World Wide Web (WWW) and the internet have opened the diverse ways for a wide range of ICT related growth and initiatives (Lagraà ±a 5). The internet has altered the way people and organizations communicate and interrelate.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Spamming Is More Acceptable Way of Sales Practice than Cold Calling specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The impact is felt in both private sphere and the workplace.  In view of the different ways technologies are used by players, there are several perspectives that arise including legal and privacy concerns. The number of complaints by telephone and e-mail owners has increased significantly regarding unsolicited calls (Cold Calling) and e-mails (Spam). In essenc e, unsolicited calls refer to calls that are considered a nuisance by the recipient. The same applies to spam as the recipient considered such e-mails as a bother. Typically, the unsolicited calls and spam originate from strangers with commercial motives. The two are also a common source of fraud and deception targeted at financial gain in addition to being a source of nuisance. Consumers consider spamming and cold calling a nuisance but spamming is more acceptable than cold calling. The era of cold calling is over as spamming is gaining acceptance Spamming and cold calling are phenomena that affect communication in all parts of the world. The developed and emerging economies are the main victims of these activities as business competition intensify with the objective of gaining a large market share and stay ahead of competition. Gaining market share is achieved by ensuring that the business has a large audience and a wide customer base. Realization by policymakers and stakeholders regarding the nuisance caused by the unsolicited e-mails and calls has made the authorities to respond to these concerns. The US, UK as well as other countries in Europe are among the major stakeholders who are strongly opposed to cold calling and indicate leniency on the part of spamming (Nettleton and Pham 173). Supporting laws The European community drafted the European Directive on Privacy and Electronic Communications act which major stakeholders adopted. The regulations sought to be ‘technology neutral’ and envelop a wide range of marketing activities. The activities include direct marketing through telephone, electronic communication and fax; automated calling systems, subscriber directories and internet cookies (Nettleton and Pham 173).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Events The failure by companies to adhere to the European directives has dire consequences. Individuals and businesses who are victims of cold calling have legal ways through which they can raise their complaints. For instance, businesses and individuals within UK with the request not to be called despite having registered on the Telephone Preference Service (TPS) have the legal avenue to make complaints directly to the Information Commissioner in the UK. In the US, such individuals and companies may file a suit in a court of law. Current research Contemporary, cold calling continues to suffer restrictions in many jurisdictions despite the lack of proper structures for the application of international law on communication. Spamming has not received major setbacks as marketing and buying online gains in popularity. Individuals prefer to purchase online as the economy status calls for individuals in tight schedules to make online purchases. Researches indicate that cold calling is by far the lowest percentage on sales call. Further, researches indicate that pe ople respond more when they are sent a value-based unsolicited e-mail. Often, the recipient will want to connect with the sender (Gitomer 10). The recipient will have sufficient time to read the spam from the copy in the email. Privacy problems arising from spamming have a solution With regard to privacy issues emerging from spamming and e-commerce, there is indication that free choice and control are essential components of privacy (Edwards 313). The collection of personal information in absence of transparency and consent such as setting of cookies obliterates privacy and values such as respect and integrity in social spheres. Fortunately, the same technology contemporarily enables individuals to set the spam they wish to receive and the amount of data that can be collected by the sender. Supporting laws The European data-protection law and the US self-regulatory approach to privacy offer consumers the requisite guarantee that their privacy and personal data will be protected. Com panies have endeavored to create a trusting relationship with consumers. Spamming seems to be more preferable to cold calling by authorities in the US and Europe as it is not banned in its entirety. However, there are legal conditions attached to it that significantly affect the sender if the codes are breached.  The European system utilizes the hard and soft data protection laws. Essentially, these requires that consumer data be given consent to collect personal information by the consumer. Additionally, the processors of personal information are required to give public notification regarding the purposes for which the information is being gathered. The law requires that the information should not be disseminated or used for any other reason beyond what is stated.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Spamming Is More Acceptable Way of Sales Practice than Cold Calling specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Events The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and states that do not have spam-controlling laws have used the Controlling Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act (CAN-SPAM) passed in 2004 by the US government. People sending spam were charged with sending fraudulent e-mails under the federal statute, fined and ordered to stop sending spam (Munukutla 640). Current research Currently, research indicates that not all spam is related to criminal activities. The research conducted by Pew Internet American Life Project (PI-ALP) indicates that 36 % of internet users in the US have sought health support upon receiving and accepting spam. The spammers have been of help to the patients and families. Current digital transformation supports the use of spamming as a sales tool In the workplace, more than 96 percent of organizations offer employees the access to e-mail. In government circles, operations are seeking to support development strategies and activities that support digital transformation. Th e move is aimed at boosting socio-economic growth (Salman 5). As most governments pursue the digital transformation and most of the services be available online, individuals are encouraged to familiarize with the internet irrespective of the location. Supporting laws As the idea of digitizing advances, authorities are aware of the consequences that come along with electronic communication systems. Laws are drafted to ensure that spamming does not have negative influence on the developments gained. The communications acts entrenched in many countries are seeking to support the development of digitized communication. Events In Malaysia, for in instance, cases involving abuses of social media through spamming has been in the rise. The government implemented a bill that prohibited non-commercial spamming allowing only commercial spamming under the conditions that the spammers include the full identities in the email being sent. The strategy proved effective as recipients have the freedo m to block spam (Roman 135). Current research Following the legislation that are currently being implemented in many countries regarding spamming and cold calling, individuals have shown positive response to technological transformations. Individuals are signing into websites in response to spam with their real names and e-mail addresses. On the contrary, few are responding to cold calls as they are considered a nuisance and irritating. E-mail is becoming unusable Typically, unsolicited e-mails and cold calls market an assortment of questionable products varying from pharmaceuticals to neglected bank accounts (Bellovin 144). The intention is always financial and the recipient never receives any benefits from either of the fraudulent approaches. The people involved attempt and at times succeed in stealing user names and secret codes for internet banking.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Supporting laws Authentication of the sender is one approach that is effective for curbing spamming and cold calling. When one is not aware of the sender or caller, one can chase the originator through a judicial avenue (Nettleton and Pham 175). For instance, in December 2012, a twenty-year-old woman was followed and eventually killed after responding to a spam. She had assumed that the unsolicited e-mail was genuine. Current research Privacy advocates worldwide indicate that in the near future, spam will be a primary source of loss of personal information. The results will be loss of privacy and even money as was the case where Jackson became a victim of theft identity after responding to a spam. The theft resulted in huge financial losses in addition to the ruining of his reputation. Rebuttal to counter arguments Following senders and callers does not always work irrespective of the simple legal structures that one can follow. Inherently, majority of people accept e-mail and calls from almost any source. When a message is directly addressed to the user, the recipient is likely to accept it, even when the e-mail or phone call is from a total stranger (Bellovin 144). The perception makes it unreasonable to have the authentication of the sender or caller if the recipient is going to accept it anyway. Essentially, identification is simply a concept that is rational within a shared context. Outside the shared context, the senders or callers authenticated identification means very little as opposed to simply asserted identification. Supporting laws Spam and unsolicited calls to a large extent bother consumers. Different governments have legislated laws that seek to protect the consumers from such practices particularly in the developed countries including the US, UK and Europe (Nettleton 237). However, implementing the laws is challenging and taking action is not clear-cut. One challenge faced by the policymakers is the precise definition of terms such as nuisance calls, cold calls, and spam among others. Inherently, some of the calls and e-mails that annoy consumers are in fact legal (Edwards 315). Regardless of the existence of rules determining the kind of calls that are lawful, the enforcement is faced by multiplicity of challenges. Events The US Supreme Court observed that handouts and other unidentified written materials have played a central function for centuries in the advancement of humankind. Oppressed groupings and factions often use unauthenticated identities to condemn tyrannical laws and practices that threaten the livelihoods anonymously (Bellovin 145). When the concept is applied in sales and marketing, individuals and businesses are able to reach a large consumer base whose information does not inherently exist in the database. Companies have been able to increase the customer base using spam and cold calling leading to more profitability. Benefits and risks of a current information technology Technology gives institutions and governments the chance to deliver additional services faster. Modern technology presents the opportunity to reduce costs and add value to services offered to consumers. The IT risks are both internal and external for institutions and governments. These include convolution of technology, institutional barriers, changing economic climate and the impact on the consumers. Auditing technologies for effectiveness and efficiency is a challenge that is yet to be resolved. Moral problems related to information technology The regulation of the internet by governments is usually pervasive. Almost all countries with internet access have specific legislations, rules and regulations that ensure considerable control by the authorities. Ostensibly, the move targets the protection of the safety of the internet environment and the enhancement of social and economic stability. However, the degree of censorship varies with jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions apply obvious controls such as Cuba, Iran, Singapore, and Saudi Arabia among others.  In other jurisdictions, China espouse a blend of relatively restrained approaches with more explicit censorship. In the US where the First Amendment acts defends speech from interference by the government, service providers impose terms and conditions of the use of the internet and other forms of communication limiting what can be posted online and the proper use of other communication infrastructure including telephones. The freedom of speech is infringed upon by censorship. In other situations, major moral issues emerge. Privacy and confidentiality is often compromised when cookies collect consumers’ data. Inherently, all internet communications are susceptible to eavesdropping. Browsers document actions in history files. Majority of the internet e-commerce organizations utilize the cookies deposited by web sites to trace consumer-purchasing patterns. Unsolicited e-mails collect significant amount of information once responded to by the recipient. Fraudsters use the information to conduct online transactions without the knowledge of the consumer. Others reveal the identities of consumers while others sell the data collected to third parties (Peslak 79). Additionally, responding to spam may lead to the recipient’s computer being hacked. For hackers to access bank accounts and withdraw cash, they can use information collected by spam. The information can also be used to control systems causing destructions. Conclusion In the last decade, electronic mail and mobile telephony has become the trendiest communication tool that has significantly outpaced face-to-face and fixed telephony communication in socializing and business. In recent years, cold calling and spamming have waged cutthroat competition for marketing against each other. Consequently, consumers are faced with loads of information that is either useful or a nuisance to them. However, spamming is gaining in popularity and preference among marke ters because it is more acceptable by consumers in comparison to cold calling. Laws in many countries hinder cold calling as authorities seek to digitize communication. Tight work and personal schedules has led to the individuals accepting spam to get information about products and services. The development in technology field presents authorities and consumers with solutions to spamming and cold calling such as authentication. There are laws that seek to regulate cold calling and spamming to protect the consumers’ information and privacy. The communication digital transformation being experienced contemporary supports the use of spam as a sales tool as consumers are guaranteed of privacy and confidentiality through the authentication of the spammers. Bellovin, Steve. â€Å"Spamming, Phishing, Authentication, and Privacy.† Communications of the ACM, 47.12 (2004): 144-145. Print. Edwards, Lillian. â€Å"Reconstructing Consumer Privacy Protection On-Line: A Modest prop osal.† International Review of Law Computers Technology, 18.3 (2004): 313-344. Print. Gitomer, Jeffrey. â€Å"Is cold calling a thing of the past? yes!† The enterprise, 22.28 (2010): 10-11. Print. Lagraà ±a, Fernando. Ethical Issues arising from the Usage of Electronic Communications in the Workplace in Ethical Issues in E-Business: Models and Frameworks. Hershey, NY: IGI, 2010. Print. Munukutla, Parker. â€Å"Unsolicited Commercial E-Mail, Privacy Concerns Related to Social Network Services, Online Protection of Children, and Cyber-Bullying.† I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy, 2.3 (2006): 627-650. Print. Nettleton, Ewan and Charlotte Pham. â€Å"Telephone Marketing out in the Cold?† Database Marketing Customer Strategy Management, 12.2 (2004): 172–176. Print. Nettleton, Ewan. â€Å"Electronic Marketing and the New Anti-Spam Regulations.† Journal of Database Marketing Customer Strategy Management, 11.3 (2005): 235–240. Print. Peslak , Allan. â€Å"Current Information Technology Issues and Moral Intensity Influences.† Journal of Computer Information Systems, 16.2 (2008): 77-86. Print. Roman, Steve. â€Å"The Ethics of Online Retailing: A Scale Development and Validation from the Consumers Perspective.† Journal of Business Ethics, 72.16 (2007): 131-148. Print. Salman, Ali. â€Å"Dealing with Ethical Issues Among Internet Users: Do we Need Legal Enforcement?† Asia Social Science, 9.8 (2013): 3-8. Print.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Workflow Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Workflow - Essay Example When an object absorbs visible red light wavelengths (within wavelength of about 700nm) it is observed be hue. This is explained by the fact that not when red light wavelength strikes the object, not all the light rays are absorbed, but some are reflected by the surface. This reduces the brain perception of the red light as refection is accompanied by wavelength transformation. Light is described by its wavelength (a physiological property) which is the distance between two consecutive crests. However, not all the wavelengths are visible to our eyes. Human eyes are sensitive to a limited electromagnetic spectrum range with falls between 400 to 700 nm (nanometers) which accounts for only a mere slice within the massive electromagnetic spectrum range. Although the range of light spectrum visible to human eye are limited within 400-700nm, we use the invisible waves which are beyond our vision in a number of ways ranging from x-rays (of short-wavelength) to radio and television broad-wavelengths. Human eyes are made of light sensors which are very sensitive to visible electromagnetic spectrums. When the visible light wave strikes the light sensors in the eyes, the sensor communicate the signal to the brain, which perceives the received signals as being instinct color. The type of the color perceived by the brain depends on the constituents and composition of t he wavelengths of the visible light spectrum (Billmeyer and Max Saltzman 12). For instance, when all the visible wavelengths are detected once by the sensor, white light are perceived by the brain or a black color would be perceived when the brain detects no wavelengths. The normal ability of an individual to visualize color or light wavelengths is defined as trichromacy. Tungsten is an example of Illuminant-A falling in the class of incandescent lighting with a temperature of 2856Â ° K.